YAC Graveyard Dig – Day 6

Today we had five young archaeologists working in the graveyard: Mhairi, Griffin, Erin, Algirdas and Lauren. Photos will hopefully come soon.

A Dunfermline gravestoneWe spent the morning carefully cleaning the north gravestone that was cleared yesterday. It was careful and meticulous work carried out with nail and tooth brushes and cocktail sticks. We couldn’t use metal tools incase we damaged any of the lettering.

Rather than describe the stone and the brief stories it tells, I’ll let it speak for itself. Click on the image of the stone for a zoomable view.

Once again grave-digger Darren helped out. This time he instructed the young archaeologists in how to use a metal detector responsibly, working in part of the Abbey grounds soon to be turned into a carpark. We found a nail, some silver foil and a pen top!

We’ve all been really impressed at how quickly Dunfermline YAC members have learned, how much fun they have been to work with, and the very real contribution they have already made to Dunfermline’s heritage.

We will be taking a few days off from working in the graveyard, but will be back with more soon.

YAC Graveyard Dig – Day 5

Clearing the gravestoneAnother productive day on site. Mhairi, Erin, Finlay were joined by (late) newcomer Alfie. Grave-digger Darren kindly removed the rest of the turf above our inscribed gravestone so that we could clear it.

The intrepid team carried on through the rain to completely expose the stone and its inscription, as well as making some more nice finds.

We found that our stone abuts the monument to the north, but is several cm lower, exposing soil beneath the northern stone. This looks rather odd. Our stone has several inscriptions dating from between 1796 and 1881. Hopefully we will have some nice photos of the inscriptions tomorrow.

View of trench facing southView of trench facing east

YAC Graveyard Dig – Day 4

Another good day in the graveyard. Mhairi, Griffin and Finlay worked reallyFinding a new grave stone hard clearing up the south side of the trench. The all made interesting finds of what is most likely early 20th century rubbish. We will photograph some of the finds tomorrow and post them to the Web site.

In the meantime, first Griffin and then the others found themselves uncovering another gravestone running parallel to the one we found yesterday. UnfortunatelyUncovering a new gravestone most of the stone disappears under the side of the trench, and like the one to the south, is also partly covered at the west end too.

The three intrepid archaeologists did great work to clean the stone, but as far as we could see there is no inscription. It could easily be that an inscription still lies under the soil, but not all the stones found this year have inscriptions on their upward faces.Gravestones facing east

Gravestones facing south

YAC Graveyard Dig – Day 3

Speed diggingA really busy couple of hours today. Our stalwart excavator Mhairi was joined again by Erin, Algirdas and Griffin. Today we were determined to find at least one gravestone.

Here we see Mhairi and Erin doing a bit of speed troweling. This photo was taken just before their gloves began to smoke. Trowels were seen to glow a dim red colour.

Examining treasureAlgirdas found considerable amounts of treasure, mostly in the form of quartz, but also some nice pottery fragments. Here he is showing Naomi his latest find, which either ended up in the finds tray, or the bucket, depending on how impressed Naomi was. Naomi is not easily impressed.



Digging awayHere is Griffin, in a characteristically laid-back position. He continued working with surprising vigour, endurance and occasionally his feet. This was not encouraged!

All the hard work eventually paid off. First Morven, one of our leaders, and Erin found the eastern end of a gravestone, closely followed by Erin who found the west end of the stone.

The team worked hard to uncover and clean as much of the stone as they could. As you can see, we had excavated just a narrow strip of the south edge of the The gravestone uncoveredstone. The rest disappears under the edge of the trench. The trench will have to be extended north and a tiny bit to the east to reveal the rest of the stone.

Most excitingly, as we cleaned we began to realise that the gravestone has a nice, clear engraving. Sue Mowat of DHCP was on hand, and told us that the lettering is in a 19th century style, so this may be one of the younger stones uncovered this season.

YAC Graveyard Dig – Day 2

The sun shone on this day!

Mhairi and Erin were joined by Scotland’s Urban Past (SUP) today. The team was in Abbot House, but came to join in the YAC dig and take photos and video of the dig in progress.Digging the trench

Danny of SUP also helped us to begin planning the gravestones exposed so far. We hope to do more planning next week.


At work in the trenchErin and Mhairi were our volunteers today, with expert and very friendly guidance from Naomi, one of our leaders.


They took off some more of the top soil and then used a probe to determine if there really is a gravestone somewhere beneath.

Probing for gravestonesThe probe clinked convincingly along the northern and western edges of the trench, so these will be the focus for tomorrow.

YAC Graveyard Dig – Day 1

A good first day. Griffin, Algirdas and Mhairi made a great start digging our plot. Unfortunately I completely forgot to take any photographs of them at work, but we do have before and after pictures.YAC plot

The first photograph shows the plot before digging commenced. You will just have to imaging young folk stood behind, trowels in hand, eager to get stuck in.

Photograph number two shows what the trench looked like at the end of the day. I freely admit to a wee bit of tidying up and root cutting this afternoon, but most of YAC plot after day 1the work was done by our YAC members. we have gone down about 6 to 8 cm and exposed a tree root in the righthand side of the trench.

The soil is becoming increasingly filled with bits of sandstone, fragments of burnt coal, and broken pottery and glass. This represents infilling that took place in the 1930’s. The photograph of the find tray shows a representative sample of what was found.Finds Tray with broken pottery, glass and burnt coal

Tomorrow we hope to get a little deeper and then to probe the ground again to confirm that gravestones lie within the plot.


YAC in Abbot House

Abbot House seen from the Abbey GraveyardAbbot House closes to the public on August 15th. But in the meantime we are working hard with Scotland’s Urban Past (http://scotlandsurbanpast.org.uk) to record as much as we can of the building and the community of people who love it so well.

Dunfermline YAC has the chance to get involved over the next two weeks with photography, film-making, drawing and planning. If you are aged between 8 and 16, would like to join YAC and get involved, then send an email to contact@yac-dunfermline.org.

Young archaeologists in the graveyard

HeadstoneFor the last three years a group of  Dunfermline Heritage Community Projects (DHCP) members have been digging in the Abbey Church graveyard for lost gravestones.

Each season the group chooses a small area to probe carefully for stones lost beneath the grass. Once likely stones have been located, they excavate and uncover stones that haven’t seen the light of day for centuries.

In this way the group learns more about the history of the town and the people who once lived and died in Dunfermline.The YAC Plot

This year DHCP has offered YAC a plot to excavate. Seven stones have already been uncovered this year, along with a host of stray finds that range from animal bone to an antique jam spoon.

So, if you are aged between 8 and 16, and fancy trying your hand at some graveyard archaeology drop us an email at contact@dunfermline-yac.org.

We will be excavating for two hour stretches between 11:00 13:00 over six days. The dates are:

  • Thursday 6th August
  • Friday 7th August
  • Saturday 8th August
  • Sunday 9th August
  • Monday 10th August
  • Tuesday 11th August

We have places for up to six young people for each session.

If you think you might be interested in joining Dunfermline YAC, even if you can’t make the dig, then just send an email anyway!

Young Archaeologists’ Club arrives in Dunfermline

YAC Logo

On the weekend of 18th-19th July Abbot House hosted a range of archaeological activities for the young folk of Dunfermline. We excavated and recorded medieval cattle bones, learned how to read a human skeleton, wrote like the medieval monks of Dunfermline Abbey and explored the Bronze Age past of Dunfermline.

Fun was had by all and by the end of the weekend YAC Dunfermline had its first 8 members.