This is the first of a couple of posts that will focus on the small finds we have made in the graveyard over the last couple of weeks.
The human element
First, I should say that we have come across a few fragments of human bone. These are always treated with respect and returned to the ground immediately. Probably the most moving find was the rib of a small child that had clearly suffered from rickets, and therefore malnutrition during its short life. Apparently such stray finds, probably from the 19th or early 20th centuries are not uncommon.
Most finds come from the layer of early 20th century rubbish that was spread over the parts of the graveyard in 1930 to level the ground and prevent flooding. A fair number of well rusted iron and other metallic objects have turned up. We are starting to gather quite a collection of substantial nails such as these. During the 19th century it became common for nails to be cut from sheets of iron (hence “cut nails”). However, the nail heads were often made to look exactly the same as earlier, hand wrought nails. By the early 20th century many nails were made from wire, as they are today and so look much like modern nails. These are clearly not wire nails, so they were most likely used in older buildings, perhaps demolished in the early 20th century.
Easier to date is the broken bowl of a tobacco pipe found above the last and most southerly gravestone found. On one side we have the remains of an inscription:
The coronation was that of Queen Victoria’s son, Edward VII, and sure enough there is a rather worn and unflattering portrait of him on the other side of the bowl.
We have also found a few fragments of what is probably the stems of old clay pipes. Pipes were prone to breaking and by the turn of the century were losing out in popularity to cigarettes.
Another finds focused post will follow later in the week (if I find the time).